Tag Archives: teachers

WHAT MAKES A PHYSICIST’S JOB AND A PRESCHOOL TEACHER’S JOB MORE ALIKE THAN ANY OTHER TWO PROFESSIONS?

————————————————————————————————————
EXTRA! EXTRA! EXTRA!
SPECIAL REPORT HIGH SCHOOL EDITION
Giving Teens Informative Insight for their Brains and their Futures
THE COGNITIVE TIMES!
————————————————————————————————————
WHAT MAKES A PHYSICIST’S JOB AND A PRESCHOOL TEACHER’S JOB MORE ALIKE THAN ANY OTHER TWO PROFESSIONS?

Does this title sound like the beginning of a tricky little riddle, perhaps with an uncanny and intriguing answer that is stranger than fiction?

The truest measure of a society’s success is equivalent to the education it provides for its nation’s children, because children are the future of every society. Having said that, should the standard quality of a nation’s whole education system be defined by its version of preschool, specifically, the 3 – 5 year old stage of preschool brain development? We universally accept the wisdom, that the early years are the “foundation for everything in life”, but are we doing all we can to implement its significance and effectiveness?

“Educational reform” has all the necessary appearances of emphasizing how we ought to reformulate the K-12 years of education. But this approach is so wildly incoherent, and analogous to believing that a half-baked cake can still be mixed with an ingredient that was missed during the original mixing process. Yet, in America, this is how we mix and re-mix strategies to aid our ailing education system. The debates and tactics rage on and on, without ever identifying what should be the most obvious solution.

In most western industrialized societies, we believe “a,b,c & 1,2,3” to be the fundamentals of education. It is a staunch belief, and staunch beliefs often dismiss us from doing some very needed critical thinking – the very thing our nation’s young adults are missing the chance to get a firm grip on.  In parallel fashion, a,b,c & 1,2,3 are the basic parameters that recent, current and upcoming generations of young adults were cultivated upon when “nursery school” became the fashion. What does that have to do with anything? Well technically speaking it means that we’ve cheated our nation’s children out of receiving a true education.

“Education” and “Brain Development” ought to be completely synonymous in every sense, they should be homogenous, they should be pasteurized together … you get the picture. We are discovering way too much about brain development for these two processes to continue masquerading as separate entities. So what do we do to synthesize and amalgamate them? First, we define the connecting roots for both of these traits, and then we actually connect them – at their root.

Seeking knowledge and seeking out the origins of knowledge are essential to the properties and elements of human brain development – that’s why we do it. Natural Science and Physics are our greatest venues for discovering the roots of knowledge. These fields define the laws, energy and matter of the universe, and are therefore the building blocks for every field of knowledge, including the elements that construct every star, moon, planet and living thing.

Now to state what should be the obvious, these natural laws existed long before we discovered ways of collecting and recording their properties with formal Literacy, or “a,b,c’s” and Numeracy, or “1,2,3’s”. The first stories of humanity and early observations of our world and universe were handed down by word of mouth and pictures – but you already knew that. By the same token, the human brain existed long before alphabets and numbers were discovered.  It is at least rumored that the human brain is the most complex thing in the universe, and that it even is a representation, or microcosm of the universe. It seems fitting then, or parallel that our brains’ greatest potential require the same basic elements of knowledge that the universe has required for its structure and development. But we are using far less of our brains’ potentials than we are naturally destined to use, and the peculiar tendency common to that condition is an inadvertent belief that we are exempt from these elemental processes.

It’s time to get back to basics and realize what those elements are. Why is the field of Physics put on such a pedestal? Because it is a field that best answers some of the fundamental and key questions about the universe, which is the source of our existence. These key elements are known in Physics as the “Language of the Universe”, they are one and the same as the fundamental Principles of Mathematics.  These fundamental math principles are the description and definition for everything in the universe, including us. Math is everything, and everything is fundamentally mathematical, and whatever you do in life, Math really is your very best friend, even if you dislike Arithmetic. Yes, it’s time we understood the difference.

So, to get back to our riddle, that is, to settle the meaning of this article’s title; “Why are Physicists and Preschool Teachers’ job more alike than any other two professions”? It is very simple. Physicists uncover the Fundamental Principles of Math – or basic laws of the universe, and Preschool Teachers (are supposed) to provide and administer the basics of knowledge – the Fundamental Principles of Math – to every young child. The question is; are Preschool Teachers being trained to do their jobs, and are they allowed to do what their genuine job descriptions actually entail? Sounds like both jobs are equally significant, but maybe it also explains why Physicists win Nobel Prizes, while Preschool Teachers are never even given that consideration.

The bottom line is, as long as we refuse to surrender the belief that a,b,c & 1,2,3 constitute the basics of formal education, we are inadvertently engaging in a futile battle against the fundamental laws and mechanics of universal knowledge. However, if we insist on upholding a,b,c & 1,2,3 as the cornerstones of learning, then they must, at least, be administered by all of the Fundamental Principles of Mathematics, and this is where we falter.

Until we cognitively reconcile with the basic knowledge properties of the universe, as defined by the Fundamental Principles of Math, we can propose and promote every kind of remedial method for reforming our K-12 years of formal schooling. Even when, and if K-12 become, homogenized with genuine brain development, it will eventually point us toward refurbishing the roots of early education, that is specifically, preschool brain development. Whether we choose to imitate the Chinese school standards, or strike a pose with the Finnish system of education, one thing is for sure, and that is that both of these countries must have a more exquisite understanding of the concept that “preschool is the foundation for everything in life”. If “math is everything” and if “preschool is the foundation for everything” – and everything means everything – then preschool is the solution for fixing everything within a nation and its societal progress.

Early Education is officially and formally described as “cognitive development”. What most folks are unaware of is that this term is merely the formal title of “math” for preschoolers. Everything is math and preschoolers are learning the basics of everything. This is all the scientific and Neuro-scientific proof we need to emphasize preschool as the strategy for reforming everything in America – especially our education system.

Of course, there’s one more important ‘P’ in this pod, and it’s “Parenting”. It has everything to do with brain development, because that’s what parenting actually is. When this tripod of Parenting, Preschool teaching, and a Physicist’s job work together in unison for human progress, then the cornerstones for intelligent, compassionate and optimistic societies can be established and built – in conjunction with the authentic traits of intuitive intelligence – ultimately fulfilling the purpose and full potential of humankind. The brain is the answer to human harmony.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, read the Cognitivology® blog at www.cognitivology.wordpress.com
Also visit our website to explore Cognitivology® books at: http://www.ccthedots.com
ASK ALL THE QUESTIONS YOU WANT – WE’LL GIVE THE COGNITIVELY CORRECT
AND INTUITIVELY CORRECT ANSWERS FULL BRAIN POTENTIAL – It is your destiny!

DOES YOUR CHILD REALLY NEED an MBA?

In the future, the most important credential your child will need is a “P.r.e-K” [the Preliminary Requirements for Every type of Knowledge]. Without it, even a “Ph.d” won’t land someone a secure “J.o.b.” Even potential love-mates will want to know if you hold a “P.r.e-K” ~ because everything you’ll need for emotionally healthy relationships will also be covered by this “degree”, which will simultaneously function as a decree for navigating all the aspects and prospects of life in general.
To establish the features, traits and parameters of this future decree and degree of life, we first need to contend with the “Marshmallow Man” – the imminently famous person who created the “marshmallow test” (Walter Mischel), PLUS we need to confront the author of the prominent resource of the “7 types of intelligence” (Frames of Mind, Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner). But first let’s give credit where credit is due.
Both of these brilliant pieces of work have opened people’s understandings of two general areas of human brain potential. The “Marshmallow Man” has distinctly identified the trait of “Delayed Gratification” as an essential asset for success both in careers and relationships. The “7 intelligences” author has presented us with a better understanding of how to navigate the world of learning.
The “7 types of intelligence” ought to have been titled; The 7 tools of knowledge development” These “tools” being defined as “intelligence quotients” are actually the various senses that work in various ways (depending on a child’s unique abilities) to explore, interact and transport knowledge and information to the brain. That’s what sensory tools do. “Intelligence Quotients” are “Emotional”, “Intellectual” and “Willful” — in other words “E.Q.” and “I.Q.” and “W.Q.” — these are the TYPES of intelligences that humans possess and capable of developing and operating. They ought to be more properly defined as “Emotional Intelligence Quotient”, “Intellectual Intelligence Quotient” and “Willful Intelligence Quotient”. These three ‘intelligence quotients constitute the full spectrum of brain potential, which all ought to be fully developed, and cohesively connected, for the sake of activating and utilizing 100% of our brain’s potential.
The first primordial and basic intelligence quotient is of course the emotional intelligence quotient. It is the basis for the other two intelligence quotients that are aided by the “7” tools of learning and knowledge development — although technically and effectively, there are really 60 of these sensory learning tools (but that is another subject we can get into another time).
The primordial intelligence quotient of emotional knowledge development brings us to the “Marshmallow test” and its creator. The Marshmallow test has properly identified children’s abilities to delay gratification, and be a better learner for a lifetime. However, the “Marshmallow Man” has failed to do the job of explaining to folks that the ability to “delay gratification” is based on experiencing “instant gratification” in the first three years of life. The “delayed gratification” feature does indeed first reveal itself during the preschool stage (hence, the famous marshmallow test), for a simple reason: the preschool stage is the first phase in life wherein we are capable of doing, or at least able to imitate and pretend performing all of the same capabilities that an adult can do.
The only ability a preschooler is incapable of is precognitive decision-making in the complex formats that adults are supposed to be able to do – but preschoolers are definitely capable of exploring and understanding all of the aspects that go into making decisions, and can indeed do so based on already acquired learning experiences.
Okay, maybe that’s starting to get too technical. The important thing to understand here is that “delayed gratification” had nothing to do with a “have” or “have-not” inborn genetic trait — in the same way that people tend to believe that ‘common sense’ is an inborn disposition or personality trait. Both “delayed gratification” and “common sense”, which are inextricably linked, are rooted in the emotional knowledge of “instant gratification” that would have been properly experienced during the first three years of life at the hands of parents and caretakers. In other words, if you are still wondering about letting your babies just cry themselves to sleep (as well as a few other aspects of infant care), stop wondering and worrying. Attending to your crying infant is NOT, I repeat NOT “spoiling” your child’s nature or behavior tendencies — it is ensuring the precursory “instant gratification” essentials that precede learning, practicing and mastering the qualities of “delayed gratification”.
Identifying the lack of “instant gratification” through the marshmallow test of “delayed gratification” is precisely why intervention methods work and stick for a lifetime, when they are remedied at the preschool stage. Nevertheless, the time taken to remedy this fundamental trait for a successful life would be better spent doing a whole lot of basic cognitive and intuitive development at the preschool stage – instead of fixing and therefore delaying other developments that can also ONLY take place during the preschool stage.
There are more than enough tests and pieces of evidence that support the realization that the “emotional intelligence quotient” is the rigorous basis for success in both work and relationships that will take place in the future and last a lifetime, most of which we spend as “adults”. Having an “MBA” or a “Ph.d” doesn’t magically turn back the clock and formidably re-constitute or establish “common sense” and “delayed gratification”. The core elemental structure of “instant gratification” preceding “delayed gratification” is needed to make sense of all the knowledge that can be competently applied with all the knowledge and information acquired through the degrees and credentials of education and lifetime learning.
Ultimately “delayed gratification” is an overall “knowledge app” that will be needed to execute sensible skills in everything. The “emotional intelligence quotient” of knowledge that ought to be fully nurtured during the infancy stage, will properly prepare babies and toddlers to learn the full spectrum of basic “intellectual intelligence” during the preschool stage. Together, as these “intelligence quotients” unite – intuitively – as one seamless function during the preschool phase of brain development, then the stage is set for instituting the core elements of the “willful intelligence quotient” that will take place predominantly during the “teen” years of brain development.
It is during these teen years that your children will have the proper head start to develop and master the traits of “willful intelligence” (or the fuller and final development of the frontal areas of the brain) that conduct and execute the real skills of “delayed gratification” — which manifest as; sensible-precognitive decision-making, intuitive reasoning, innovative thinking, computational-quantum processing, judgment, the ability to hypothesize and theorize, use advanced critical thinking in EVERYTHING they do, plan, intend, create, feel, and think.
Without the compassionate experiences of “instant gratification”, that line the memory banks of our minds during early infancy, thereby fully optimizing all of our emotions with a full value of emotionally intelligent predilections, then any wealth of accumulated knowledge is subject to deflate in an instant. In other words, we can retain what we’ve learned consciously, but unconsciously the sensibility of putting knowledge to use and connecting it with other useful points of knowledge and information just sets it somewhere between difficult-to-impossible. The point of accumulated knowledge and information is to make as many sensible “clicks” as we can between all points of acquired knowledge-experiences.
A proper preliminary “P.r.e-K” degree makes it possible to learn intuitively throughout a lifetime and retain knowledge imperviously so that any new field of knowledge can be imminently applied in unlimited innovative ways. Without this proper sequence of “intelligence development stages”, then the steps missed will indeed make life and continual learning a struggle. As much as we praise the virtues of “delayed gratification”, we must now begin to acknowledge the virtues of “instant gratification” as a required first step, and prerequisite of “delayed gratification”.

Praise for ‘Education Week’

Praise for “Education Week’s” article by Stephen Sawchuk regarding President Obama’s proposal on upgrading the importance of preschool education.
In particular, writes S. Sawchuk ~
“Research indicates that children’s cognitive and social development are linked to the quality of interaction with preschool teachers, regardless of their educational levels. Such findings have spawned interest in frameworks that describe effective practices in such interactions, and can serve as the basis for professional development and coaching”
This is the best information that could have been pointed out by anyone examining the quality of Early Education and the interactions that should be going on between Teachers-Parents-Aides and anyone else involved in the care and cognitive development of Preschoolers.
So, what qualifies quality interaction for social, cognitive and emotional development in preschoolers?
Many abide by certain philosophies, cultural influences and upbringing or parental styles, but the criteria for interactive qualities that ensure the best for preschoolers emotional, cognitive and social development must be drawn out, or derived by the brain’s natural requisites for preschool brain development.
So what is the brain doing during preschool and what is the brain ultimately preparing for? This is the question that needs to be raised for qualifying a framework for preschool development.
Preschool Teaching Expertise requires a simultaneous combination of:
-Open-ended instructions
-Guiding children’s freedom to Explore
-Natural Science as the basis of all classifications of Knowledge
-ALL of the Fundamental Principles of Mathematics – describing the basics of all classifications of knowledge and all interrelated functions of Early Cognitive Development
-Non-negated language/communication/guidance reflecting open-ended possibilities supporting the Brain’s developmental system to acquire infinite knowledge through Compassion and Optimism
-Foresight guidance and enforcing the knowledge of advantageous possibilities with a focus on eliminating hindsight guidance or reinforcing through consequences / consequential knowledge (Because the human brain is ultimately, by adulthood, designed to exercise foresight and intuition, and the intuitive inclination to use foresight is intuitively established during the preschool stage).
-HUGS must also be re-implemented into the order of appropriate preschool brain development – –
Preschool teachers can hardly do their job appropriately if they are banned from hugging their students. Affection is an extremely important part of human brain development, because the human brain is an emotionally developed brain. Also, if Preschool students are going to develop as they should through free exploratory learning, then Teachers are also going to need to have Creative Freedom in their Teaching Practices.
[This also means that any close-ended formats of “teaching” must go, and this specifically includes close-ended literacy development, homework, ditto sheets / following inside the lines and inside the box lessons and teaching practices at the preschool level.]
The name of the Educational Game for Preschool Brain development is Creativity as a cognitive process during this stage of natural intuitive development – the key words being ‘creative’, ‘cognitive’ and ‘intuitive’. These three aspects are as one aspect to the preschool brain and the only time in life when they will be merged and poised to function as one.
This united feature of preschool cognitive brain development ensures that the basic building blocks for quality critical thinking, common sense, out-of-the-box thinking and compassionate, interactive working relationships can meld together to produce innovative thinking in all areas of human existence.
This approach also solves problems, resolves issues and even dissolves unnecessary resolving of a variety of difficulties that would never arise because young brains are being cultivated or configured to operate more in accordance with natural potential.

Neuroplasticity; challenging the synapse and neurotransmitter “pruning” theory in the early stages of development. PART 2

The logical explanation for the advent of neuroscience would mean, indeed conclude
that we are pioneering and embarking upon the process of unleashing the latent 80% of
brain potential. To initially understand how to unleash that 80%, we must understand the
preschool brain – rather we must understand the basic construction of our brain’s
information operating system, which is synonymous with the preschool brain.
There are a few cognitive and evolutionary assumptions, or rather presumptions that
need to be cleared up about neuroplasticity, and the brain in general. The first thing is
that, we humans are born with underdeveloped brains, meaning our synapses and
neurotransmitters are still mostly or entirely unconnected, whereas animals are born with
fully developed brains – meaning all or most of their neurotransmitters and synapses are
already connected, and they seem to use most or close to 100% of their brains’ potential –
compared with humans who acquire or use only about 20% of the brain’s potential.
Recently, some psychologists and neuroscientists have proposed the idea that we do
indeed actually use 100% of brain potential but that we are only using about 20% at a
time – at any given moment. That may sound relieving to many folks, however if we
look at all of the basic elements of brain potential, we realize that there are too many
disparities in human existence that fall short of functioning according to the properties of
compassion and optimism, which define the brain’s system for operating knowledge and
information.
As mentioned, Neuroscientists are still baffled by the tug of war between the back of
the brain and the front of the brain, this conundrum hardly sums up or defines 100%
cooperation, let alone 100% of brain potential. The clues that would summarize the
cooperative properties and functions between the back of the brain and the front of the
brain are indeed there to be uncovered and discovered, but it depends on a matter of re-
defining what the common denominators are between these two areas of the brain. This
cooperation is rigorously defined by Cognitivology® and any Neuroscientist is welcome
to validate or invalidate these definitions.
The evolution of human cognitive brain development tells the story of how our
brains have evolved from the back to the front and Neuroscience does explain how each
individual brain develops from back to front during the years of brain development –
plus, how the brain is capable of continual learning, re-mapping and improving during
the adult years of life.
Neurons perform an important role in the brain’s ability to process and transmit
information within the brain’s network of neurotransmitters and synapses. We are born
with billions or even trillions of these and somewhere in early development after infancy,
but before the preschooler stage a massive trimming down, or “pruning” of these
neurotransmitters takes place. This happens because we only keep what we use, these
neurotransmitters become “specialized” and since nature naturally conserves, then our
brains dispense or dispose of those parts that we have missed using.
However, this “conservation” premise is a poor assumption, even from the
perspective of evolution or conservation or natural adaptability. The reason to debunk
this presumption is that most natural selection theories propose that natural processes are
modified in accordance with necessity, usage, and environmental influences. If the
principles of natural selection were applicable to the pruning of neurotransmitters, it
would seem more logical for the human brain to dispense with the over-production of
neurotransmitters generation after generation for each and every individual. The more
logical conclusion is that even though some of these neurotransmitters would actually be
pruned, it makes more sense that we are meant to use the majority of them.
The point is that a newer presumption for a new age of thinking would compel us to
consider that the massive pruning is consistent with the 20% scale, or ratio of brain
potential that we’ve become accustomed to activating and using. We might also consider
that if we were revising our definition of synapse and neurotransmitter pruning from the
perspective of Particle Physics and String Theory, we can presume that we are processing
knowledge and information predominantly from a physical-3-D standpoint and that other
inherent structures of the brain need the original bulk of neurotransmitters to process
knowledge and information beyond the physical-3-D realm of energy and matter.
The bottom line is that unless we give most of these neurotransmitters and synapses
a chance to connect to our extrasensory senses how will we know what more our minds
and brains are capable of doing?
So yes, neuroplasticity tosses out the old theory that adults are unable to produce
new neurons or learn new information, or that they are unable to break free from their old
ways of thinking. But the question still remains – why toss away all of those original
neurons and neurotransmitters if we are meant to continually produce neurons and be
capable of re-mapping older patterns of knowledge with newer patterns of knowledge?
Why dispose of billions of neurons in early development only to gain a few thousand or
million in adulthood?
Our free will is equally limited to processing choices, as our brain is limited to
processing knowledge and information. The more brain potential we unleash, the more
free will can be unleashed to also serve its function in conjunction with human
development, creativity, discipline, responsibility, optimism, behavior, compassion,
ethics, consciousness and intelligence. What this tells us is that we must begin asking
new and unasked questions if we are ever to figure out the mysteries of latent human
brain potential.

Neuroplasticity; challenging the synapse and neurotransmitter “pruning” theory in the early stages of development. Part 1

What is the definition of Neuroplasticity? Basically it is the human brain’s – that is
the adult human brain’s ability – to re-map and re-configure the connections between
synapses ~ the information/type of information that is passed around the brain’s
intelligence network, a neuro-net, comprising its billions of synapses and
neurotransmitters. It is the modem of the human brain where all knowledge and
information gets processed.
New evidence even points out that adults can and do develop new neurons, but how
many new neurons, what would we use them for and, incidentally, what is a
connection anyway? A synapse-neurotransmitter connection is just one microscopic
point that information about your thoughts and feelings are passed around in your head.
Your head meaning that there are billions of these microscopic synapse-neurotransmitter
points that make up a whole network of information connecting – and for the real 411,
each information thinking pattern was originally designed as an information feeling
pattern.
Neuro-scientists sometimes forget to inform the general public about this
connection between feelings and thoughts and how this connection is far more relative to
neuroplasticity than they are willing to explain. But in order to understand this
connection, one must understand the processes and developmental properties of the
preschool learning-feeling-thinking brain – and the preschool brain makes zero
distinctions between learning, feeling and thinking. It’s just that for sophisticated neuro-
scientists to be dabbling in the learning-feeling-thinking processes of the preschool brain,
it just conflicts with their sense of scholarly-ness.
This is precisely the reason why Neuro-scientists are befuddled by the discourse
and struggle between the back of the brain and the front of the brain, because the
potential harmonious connection between the back of the brain and the front of the brain
is primordially decided during the preschool stage when the middle part of the brain, or
the mediating part of the brain comprising the left and right sides, which more or less
houses the brain’s neuro-net, is formulating its major connectivity network that will
eventually connect to the front of the brain and the general higher thinking cortex parts of
the brain.
The higher thinking ‘cortex’ parts of the brain develop their most refining abilities
and properties for complex intelligent thinking beginning in the teen years and stretching
out until the early to mid-20’s – when the brain finalizes its total development, but hardly
the end of learning. Learning is a lifetime process and the years of brain development
help us set up this lifetime learning process. But the foundation of the brain’s structure,
the basement level, so to speak – just like the foundation that will hold a building in place
– this foundation is what is set up during the preschool stage. It is far more major than
even Neuro-scientists can give it credit for.
When folks in general agree upon the notion that the early years make-up the
foundation for all of life’s tendencies – whether inadvertently or knowingly, what they
are saying is that the first major set-up of the brain’s information processing center is
being constructed.
The first set-up of this information network, or information processing center is the
first major connection set-up between synapses and neurotransmitters. Synapses and
neurotransmitters connect information as associative partners and associative groups so
that information has a network to pass information around in patterns that make sense and
that can be worked to apply to our abilities. This first major network is made during the
preschool stage. These first major associative connections of this network, that is, these
first initial connections are the hardest to change, break and re-design into new
associative connections between what we think and feel.
But there are ways to ensure that these initial first time connections never get in the
way of how we feel and think and how we use our abilities, there’s a way to ensure that
we never even have to work so hard to change these original basic connections, because
these first connections can be made in such a way that they just go ahead and form new
patterns of thinking and feeling the moment we decide to feel and think differently. It is
hard to change these initial-first-formed patterns and associations because they were
made when thinking and feeling had absolutely no distinction or difference whatsoever.
When you are learning as a preschooler you are feeling-thinking-learning. They
are impossibly inseparable. This basic tenet or structure in the way we use our brain’s
neuro-net as adults is completely overlooked in the adult self-improvement world. Until
the adult self-improvement world reconciles with this basic fact, the adult self-
improvement world will just keep going around in circles and recycling the mere 20% of
brain potential that we have been using for thousands of years.

We will bring you Part 2 next week…. Please, if any of this subject is interesting visit our website: http://www.naturaullypreschool.com and we can also be found at http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/The-Preschoolers-Gooroo

Introduction to who we are.

What’s wrong with the world today people?

You wanna know? – That’s a start!  If you stay tuned to this blog and explore your own humanity we can all change our futures.  The key though is we have to begin at the beginning.

All our hopes rest in the redefinition of “preschool education”.  This site will be informative and comprehensive on topics that will or could be brand new to you.  The only real question is do you really want change?

Come back soon for more information and practical things that everyone can do everyday that will have zero impact on how you normally go about your day.  All we will ever ask you to do is to keep an open mind – because as I have stated before this information is totally new and your paradigm will need to shift.